Acute pain is generally categorized by a sudden sharp pain and can most often be associated with a specific event, disease, or accident. Acute pain can range in severity from mild to excruciating and can last moments or for months. Most acute pain diminishes as the underlying cause of the pain is treated or as the body heals. Untreated acute pain can lead to long-term chronic pain if not addressed by a medical professional.
Acute Pain Treatments
Rehabilitation & Physical Therapy
Treating acute pain patients requires the ability to educate the patient and activation and exercise programs. Motivation on the part of the patient is essential. The therapist needs to be part of an overall team approach. Programming can include physical therapy and occupational therapy.
Minimally Invasive Procedures
In treating acute pain, minimally invasive procedures of local anesthetics with or without corticosteroids offer some diagnostic and therapeutic value. Studies show variable levels effectiveness with this treatment.
Psychologically-based assessments and therapies are essential to any comprehensive pain management program. Whether group therapy, relaxation therapy, cognitive behavioral therapy, psychotherapy, some combination of interventions is necessary to achieve success.
Increasingly, alternative therapies are being applied to acute pain and are popular among clients. Evidence for effectiveness of chiropractic techniques and acupuncture has been proven effective in managing various pain conditions.
Changes in lifestyle, including exercise, weight loss, diet control and smoking cessation, are also important ways of controlling pain and lessening long-term damage to the body.