Chest and Abdomen
Abdominal pain is caused by a variety of different physiological problems, and can be related to issues with the body's musculature, organs, or deep tissues. Acute abdominal pain is often associated with cramping, bloating, piercing, or stabbing pain, often times the result of injury or trauma to a specific location.
Shoulder pain is usually either a gradual onset or a sudden onset. Gradual onset shoulder injuries are often from poor technique or overuse while sudden onset can be a strain or traumatic shoulder injury caused by impact or twisting.
Pain in the upper back and neck is common. It can be acute (of sudden onset and painful) or can gradually come on through poor posture and other factors.
Pain in the elbow is usually a result of tendinitis, but other causes include bursitis, arthritis and trauma. The elbow is a fairly stable joint, so traumatic injuries to the joint are not that common.
Wrist and hand injuries are usually caused by a traumatic fall or twisting. They can be gradual onset overuse injuries or repetitive strain injuries. Wrist pain that comes on gradually is often referred to as repetitive strain injury or RSI. It usually involves inflammation or degeneration of the tendons in the wrist.
Your lower back bears the bulk of your body's weight. That's why it's the most common location in the back to hurt. Feeling stiffness, stabbing pains, tingling, or dull aches there? You're not alone. Lower back pain is the second most common reason for seeing a doctor. (The first is for colds and the flu.) Low back pain is common because so many actions can cause it.
Knee injuries are either acute which means they happened suddenly and are acutely painful or they are chronic or overuse knee injuries which have come on gradually over time. An acute knee injury can become chronic if it is not treated properly, likewise a chronic injury can be classed as acute if it flares up or becomes acutely painful.
Feet and Ankles
The most common causes of heel pain are plantar fasciitis and bruised heel. Plantar fasciitis is very common and involves inflammation of the plantar fascia or arch of the foot. If you have pain on the top of the foot, then extensor tendinitis or metatarsal fracture are both common. Ball of foot pain can be sesamoiditis (pain at the base of the big toe) or metatarsalgia which is a general term for pain around the joints in the forefoot.
Calf and Shin
Common causes of ankle pain, shin pain, and calf pain, include shin splints, calf strain, Achilles tendinitis, ankle sprains, and a broken leg. Lower leg and ankle injuries are either acute sudden onset injuries or they may come on gradually through overuse or poor foot biomechanics.
Thigh injuries are usually acute or sudden onset injuries. Muscle injuries such as groin strain, pulled hamstring (hamstring strain), and quad strain (thigh strain) are the more common thigh injuries. Thigh pain that comes on gradually is often an overuse injury such as groin tendinitis or inflammation.
Groin pain can be sudden onset such as that of a groin strain or gradual onset with groin inflammation. Hernias and Gilmore's groin type injuries should also be considered. Use the tabs below to view more detail on some of the most common causes of hip, groin, and buttock pain.
Headaches are a common source of pain and range from uncomfortable to debilitating. Pain management can help reduce both the pain and the frequency of chronic headaches.